Medical graduation (1981, 110/110 cum laude) and specialization in Cardiology (70/70 cum laude) at the Universita’ degli Studi in Milano, Italy. Research Fellowship (1995-1996) at the Cardiovascular Research Institute of the University of California, San Francisco in the Echocardiography Laboratory (Prof N. B. Schiller) and Cardiac Physiopathology Laboratory (Prof. S.A. Glantz). Grade III certification in Echocardiography of the American Society of Echocardiography (1996). Fellow of the Italian Society of Echocardiography (1995) and Cardiovascular Imaging and of the European Society of Cardiology (2009). Deputy Director of the Echocardiography Laboratory of the Centro Cardiologico Monzino, IRCCS, Milano. Italy (2000-2018). Presently Head of the Imaging Department of the Jilin Heart Hospital in Changchun (Jilin Province), China. Has authored 60+ scientific papers and 300+ congress abstracts (experimental and clinical echocardiography).