Objective: Assessment of chronic heart failure (CHF) prevalence and differential treatment in Azerbaijan based on retrospective evaluation.
Materials and methods: Retrospective analysis of 1824 case histories of CHF patients hospitalized in cardiology departments of SRI of Azerbaijan in 2013.
Results: Among hospitalized patients Azerbaijan Institute of Cardiology, the prevalence of heart failure is 51.4% of the total number of patients hospitalized in the Cardiology Institute of Azerbaijan. The main etiologic factors of chronic heart failure in 79.9% of cases are ischemic heart disease and hypertension. Revealed significant differences in the etiology of heart failure in men and women, as well as in patients of all ages. The prevalence of heart failure in men was 56.8% in men with CHF recorded 1.3 times more likely than women; 41% of patients with CHF were older than 60 years. CHF with left ventricular ejection fraction <45% was diagnosed in 84% of patients. It should be noted that, among patients with CHF with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction, the number of women with CHF increases to 22%, and it is higher than in men in 2 times.
Conclusion: The are gender differences in the structure of chronic heart failure patients: men more common have CHD (myocardial infarction), women - AH. In women with CHF occurs predominantly with preserved LV ejection fraction, the percentage of patients with this variant CHF increases to 22%, and it is higher than in men in 2 times.