Objective: To study awareness of target levels of cardiovascular RFs in hospitalized pts with cerebrovascular, endocrine and cardiac conditions.
Methods: A total of 150 pts from neurology (NU), endocrine (EU) and cardiac (CU) units a Moscow city hospital were enrolled into the survey (n=50 for each unit). The pts were interviewed during the I-II days of the hospitalization using a dedicated questionnaire which included socio-demographic and clinical indicators, open questions on the awareness of traditional cardiovascular RFs and their target values.
Results: Pts from the 3 units did not differ in gender and age. The range of pts diagnoses corresponded to the department profile. 20% of NU pts were treated for acute stroke (6% of them - for recurrent stroke), 8% - for transient ischemic attacks and the remainder – for chronic neurological conditions. 60% of EU pts had type 2 diabetes mellitus. 62% of CU had various presentations of coronary heart disease, 84% had hypertension. The majority of pts from all units believed that they knew the target levels of cardiovascular RFs well. However, their real awareness was low. Only 12% of CU pts, 5% of EU pts and none NU pts indicated the normal level of total cholesterol (TC) correctly, and knowledge of appropriate physical activity (PA) level was poor as well. The participants knew blood pressure (BP) much better, but there was still a large room for improvement.
Conclusion: The survey revealed a low awareness of target levels for cardiovascular RFs in different types of medical pts at time of hospital admission.