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Effects of early statin treatment on acute heart failure and cardiovascular events after st-elevation myocardial infarction

Session Poster Session 3

Speaker Sergey Kozhukhov

Congress : EuroPrevent 2018

  • Topic : coronary artery disease, acute coronary syndromes, acute cardiac care
  • Sub-topic : Coronary Artery Disease - Other
  • Session type : Poster Session
  • FP Number : P602

Authors : S Kozhukhov (Kiev,UA), A Parkhomenko (Kiev,UA), A Shumakov (Kiev,UA), N Dovganych (Kiev,UA)

Authors:
S Kozhukhov1 , A Parkhomenko1 , A Shumakov1 , N Dovganych1 , 1NSC “Institute of Cardiology” - Kiev - Ukraine ,

Citation:
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology ( May 2018 ) 25 ( Supplement 1 ), 114

Background: We investigated whether early statin therapy could be beneficial to reduce acute heart failure (AHF) incidence in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and improve survival during long term follow-up.


Methods: 307 STEMI patients were registered and followed-up prospectively, 128 of them (propensity score matching) were analyzed. 64 patients received any available statin in optimal doses within 6 hours of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) onset or no statin (n=64) and were followed up for 5 years. Reperfusion therapy was performed in 71.9%. The mean time from symptoms onset to hospital admission was 4.9±0.6 hours. We evaluated the effects of statin therapy on major adverse cardiovascular events, including AHF during in-hospital stay, cardiovascular death, non-fatal myocardial infarction and heart failure requiring hospitalization.

Results: Statin therapy significantly reduced the risk of the AHF incidence on the 3d day (p<0.05) and 7th day (p<0.01). We found a distinct loss of renal function of 4.4 ml/min in no-statin group and increase of glomerular filtration rate on 6.5 ml/min in statin group on the 10th day following AMI compare to 1st day (p<0.05 between groups). Statin therapy reduced the risk of cardiovascular death, non-fatal infarction and heart failure requiring hospitalization (p=0.014 by log rank).

Conclusions: The present study showed that early statin therapy in STEMI patients decreased incidence rate of AHF. Statin therapy markedly reduced the risk of the long-term mortality and subsequent cardiac events in AMI patients.

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