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Differences in prevalence of depressive symptoms and other cardiovascular risk factors between urban and general population.

Session Poster Session III - Friday 08:30 - 12:30

Speaker Assistant Professor Jerzy Piwonski

Event : ESC Preventive Cardiology (Formerly EuroPrevent) 2015

  • Topic : preventive cardiology
  • Sub-topic : Lipids
  • Session type : Poster Session

Authors : J Piwonski (Warsaw,PL), T Zdrojewski (Gdansk,PL), A Piwonska (Warsaw,PL), M Rutkowski (Gdansk,PL), P Bandosz (Gdansk,PL), Z Gaciong (Warsaw,PL)

Authors:
J Piwonski1 , T Zdrojewski2 , A Piwonska1 , M Rutkowski2 , P Bandosz2 , Z Gaciong3 , 1National Institute of Cardiology - Warsaw - Poland , 2Medical University of Gdansk - Gdansk - Poland , 3Medical University of Warsaw - Warsaw - Poland ,

Citation:

Purpose: In many worldwide populations there was a difference in territorial prevalence of classical risk factors. The urbanization can multiply the risk of prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in the urban population. We analyzed the CVD risk factors profile of residents of the capital of Poland in comparison to general adult Polish population.

Methods: The data on Warsaw population (1081 persons; 870, aged 20+, examined in 2012  in the frame of WAW-KARD study and 207 persons, aged 20-74, examined in 2011 as a part of EHES study). The data on general population came from NATPOL 2011, a representative sample of Polish population (N=2413, aged 18-79, screened in 2011). Questionnaire, physical examination and laboratory data were collected.

Results: Analyzing major CVD risk factors we found hypertension to be much more prevalent in Warsaw residents - 42% (54% in men and 44% in women) than in general population - 32% (respectively 35% and 31%), the same with increased (=5.0mmol/l) total cholesterol level that was found in 77% of Warsaw residents (76% in men and 79% in women) vs 62% in general population (61% in men and 63% in women). Also mean total cholesterol concentration was higher in Warsaw population (men-5,4mmol/l, women-5,5mmol/l) than in general population (men-5,1mmol/l vs 5,2mmol/l). The opposite situation was observed in smoking habit that was more prevalent in general population [16% of regular smokers among Warsaw residents (19% in men and 15% in women) vs 27% in general population (respectively 32% and 24%)]. Both analyzed populations did not differ in obesity (27% in both) and diabetes prevalence (respectively 6% and 5%). Besides, Warsaw residents presented more often depressive symptoms compared to general population, especially women (men: 28% vs 23%; women: 46% vs 36%).

Conclusions: Big city residents presented more cardiovascular risk factors compared to general population, more often had hypertension, hypercholesterolemia and depressive symptoms compared to the general population.

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