Purpose: This study aimed at measuring the quality of life, anxiety and depression levels in patients diagnosed with HF, as well as detecting other underlying general health and cardiovascular problems in order to recommend consulting a health professional prior to initiating a PA program.
Method: A cross-sectional study was performed in outpatients with a diagnostic of HF (n=110). This study complies with the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by the Regional Ethics Committee. The quality of life was measured via Short-From 36. Anxiety and depression levels were measured with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. The detection of health and cardiovascular problems in patients willing to start a PA program were measured with the Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire PAR-Q.
Results: The less affected domains for quality of life were physical function, general health, vitality and emotional role, while the most affected domains were physical pain, social function, mental health and physical role. It was found that 43.2% of participants had a good quality of life. Conversely, 22% of participants showed a high level of anxiety, whilst 12.2% presented a high level of depression. Finally, only 37% were allowed to perform PA without consulting a health professional, while 63% were recommended to consult a health professional prior to initiating any sort of PA.
Conclusion: The quality of life of HF patients was low and the most affected domains were physical pain, social function, mental health and physical role. Anxiety and depression levels were low, although anxiety was more present than depression. 63% of participants required professional input by a health professional prior to starting any PA.