Background:With the prevalence of Type 2 diabetes increasing globally it is imperative that we explore models of care that seek to improve diabetes outcomes in accordance with the recommended total CVD risk approach to prevention.
Purpose: This study examines the effectiveness of a community-based CVD prevention programme on medical and lifestyle risk factor management in a cohort of patients with Type 2 diabetes.
Methods: Patients with Type 2 diabetes were invited to attend a 16- week programme consisting of a professional multi-disciplinary (nurse, dietician, physical activity specialist) lifestyle intervention, with appropriate risk factor and therapeutic management in a community setting. Risk factors such as blood pressure, lipids, smoking, blood glucose, BMI (body mass index), waist circumference and physical activity levels were assessed at baseline, end of programme and at 1 year.
Results: Data on patients who attended Initial Assessment (IA), End of Programme Assessment (EOP) and a 1-Year follow-up (1-yr) were analysed (Table 1.)
Conclusions: Data from this ongoing lifestyle intervention programme suggests that the management of diabetes and cardiovascular disease can be successfully integrated. In addition, this model of care can improve diabetes outcomes with improvements in biomedical, anthropometric and lifestyle risk factors not only being observed at EOP but being sustained at 1-yr.