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Myocardial iron overload in sickle/thalassemia patients of Italian origin

Session Poster Session 4

Speaker Antonella Meloni

Event : ESC Congress 2013

  • Topic : imaging
  • Sub-topic : Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (CMR)
  • Session type : Poster Session

Authors : A Meloni (Pisa,IT), L Gulino (Pisa,IT), G Ruffo (Palermo,IT), PMG Sanna (Nuoro,IT), A Quarta (Brindisi,IT), D De Marchi (Pisa,IT), G Valeri (Ancona,IT), P Preziosi (Roma,IT), M Lombardi (Pisa,IT), A Pepe (Pisa,IT)

A. Meloni1 , L. Gulino1 , G. Ruffo2 , P.M.G. Sanna3 , A. Quarta4 , D. De Marchi1 , G. Valeri5 , P. Preziosi6 , M. Lombardi1 , A. Pepe1 , 1CMR Unit, Fondazione G.Monasterio CNR-Regione Toscana and Institute of Clinical Physiology - Pisa - Italy , 2U.O.C. Ematologia con Talassemia ARNAS Ospedale Civico - Palermo - Italy , 3San Francesco Hospital, Service of Immunohaematology and Transfusion Medicine - Nuoro - Italy , 4A. Perrino Hospital, Department of Hematology - Brindisi - Italy , 5Dip. Materno/Infantile Osp. Engles Profili - Ancona - Italy , 6U.O.C. Diagnostica per Immagini e Interventistica Policlinico Casilino - Roma - Italy ,

Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (CMR)

European Heart Journal ( 2013 ) 34 ( Abstract Supplement ), 518

Purpose: Sickle-thalassemia is an inherited hemoglobin disorder resulting from the combined heterozygosity for sickle-cell and β-thalassemia genes. Myocardial iron overload in patients with sickle-thalassemia has been poorly studied; however, a report has shown no evidence of cardiac iron in a small group (n=10) of multitransfused Arab patients. The current study aims to further evaluate cardiac iron overload in a larger group of Italian patients using a T2* multislice approach and explore its correlation with transfusions, age and sex.

Methods: Fifty-nine sickle-thalassemia patients (29 males, mean age 35.6±14.1 years), enrolled in the MIOT network were considered. Three parallel short-axis views of the left ventricle were acquired and analyzed with a dedicated software (HIPPO MIOT) providing the T2* value on each of 16 segments as well as the global T2* value averaged over all segmental T2* values and the T2* value in the mid-ventricular segment averaged over the mid-anterior and the mid-inferior septum.

Results: We found 55 (93%) patients with all 16 segmental T2* values normal (>20 ms). Of the 4 patients with abnormal segmental T2* values, all showed an heterogeneous MIO (some segments with T2* values >20 ms and other segments with T2* values <20 ms) and none showed an homogeneous MIO (all segment with T2* values <20 ms). Out of the 4 patients with heterogeneous MIO, only one had a global T2* global <20 ms.

The mean global heart T2* value was 34.4±6.2 ms.

We did not find significant differences among sickle-thalassemia regularly (N=20), sporadically (N=32) and no transfused (N=7) in the T2* global value (33.4±7.3 ms versus 35.5±5.4 ms versus 32.4±6.3 ms; P=0.425).

On linear regression analysis, there was a statistically significant positive correlation between global T2* and age but with poor linearity (R=0.368; P=0.004).

The global T2* value was not significant different between males and females (35.6±4.9 ms versus 35.2±7.2 ms; P=0.118).

Conclusions: In respect of myocardial iron deposition, the sickle/thalassemia patients are similar to patients with homozygous SCD for which iron overloading is relatively rare.

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