Purpose: To evaluate suPAR as diagnostic marker for fCAD.
Methods: Among consecutive patients with symptoms suggestive of fCAD, fCAD was adjudicated blinded to suPAR concentrations in two domains: first, diagnosis of fCAD according to myocardial perfusion single photon emission tomography (MPI-SPECT) and coronary angiography; second, fCAD according to cardiovascular death, non-fatal acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and all-cause death during 2-year follow-up.
Results: Among 968 patients, symptoms were adjudicated to be causally related to fCAD in 26% (255/968). SuPAR concentrations were higher in patients with fCAD as compared to those without (3.45 ng/mL versus 3.20 ng/mL, p=0.007), but overall had only low diagnostic accuracy (area under the curve [AUC]: 0.56, 95%CI 0.52-0.60) and were not independent predictors of fCAD after multivariable adjustment. Circulating suPAR concentrations were modestly correlated with high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) T (Spearman’s rho 0.393, p<0.001), NT-proBNP (Spearman’s rho 0.327, p<0.001) and age (Spearman’s rho 0.364, p<0.001), but only weakly correlated with the extent of coronary atherosclerosis as quantified by perfusion defects (Spearman’s rho 0.123, p<0.001). Prognostically, suPAR concentrations had moderate-to-high accuracy in the prediction of cardiovascular death (AUC 0.72, 95%CI 0.62-0.81) and all-cause death (AUC 0.72, 95%CI 0.65-0.79) at 2-years, and remained a significant predictor for all-cause death after multivariable adjustment (p=0.001). SuPAR concentrations did not predict non-fatal AMI.
Conclusions: SuPAR is an independent predictor of death, but not helpful in the detection of fCAD.