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Estimation of pulmonary artery pressure from right atrial strain and tricuspid regurgitation velocity

Session Poster Session 5

Speaker Associate Professor Katsuji Inoue

Event : ESC Congress 2019

  • Topic : imaging
  • Sub-topic : Tissue Doppler, Speckle Tracking and Strain Imaging
  • Session type : Poster Session

Authors : K Inoue (Oslo,NO), EW Remme (Oslo,NO), FH Khan (Oslo,NO), OS Andersen (Oslo,NO), E Gude (Oslo,NO), H Skulstad (Oslo,NO), OA Smiseth (Oslo,NO)

Authors:
K Inoue1 , EW Remme1 , FH Khan1 , OS Andersen1 , E Gude1 , H Skulstad1 , OA Smiseth1 , 1Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet - Oslo - Norway ,

Citation:

Background: Systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP) can be estimated non-invasively as the sum of indices for right atrial (RA) pressure and tricuspid regurgitation (TR) pressure gradient. Although echocardiographic evaluation of inferior vena cava diameter and collapsibility is currently being used to estimate RA pressure (IVC method), RA strain may be an alternative since atrial strain is related to atrial pressure.
Objective: We tested if RA strain by speckle tracking echocardiography can be used as a surrogate of mean RA pressure (RA strain method), and by adding the TR pressure gradient, be used to estimate SPAP.
Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 91 patients (mean age, 58 years) referred to right heart catheterization due to unexplained dyspnea or suspected pulmonary hypertension. Echocardiography was performed within 24 hours of the invasive procedure. RA reservoir strain was calculated from apical four-chamber view. SPAP was calculated as the sum of peak TR pressure gradient and estimated RA pressure by the IVC or RA strain methods. 
Results: Right heart catheterization showed SPAP and mean RA pressures of 51 ± 20 mmHg and 9 ± 6 mmHg, respectively. RA reservoir strain was inversely correlated with mean RA pressure (r= -0.61, p< 0.01). Thus, we set mean RA pressure as 5, 10 and 15 mmHg depending on high (=25%), middle (10-25%) and low (=10%) values of RA reservoir strain. As shown in the figure, both the RA strain and IVC methods when combined with peak TR velocity, provided good estimates of invasively measured SPAP. 
Conclusions: RA strain provides a semiquantitative measure of RA pressure, which can be used in combination with peak TR velocity to estimate SPAP. This approach can be used as an alternative when the IVC method is not available in cases with poor subcostal window.

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