Methods: We queried the 2013-2016 China Acute Myocardial Infarction (CAMI) registry databases to identify patients with STEMI and/or CS (developing before or during hospitalization). The overall and different hospital-level incidence of STEMICS and IHM were analyzed.
Results: Of 28230 STEMI patients, 2273 patients (8.05%) had CS. The incidence of STEMICS in provincial, prefectural and county-level hospitals were 5.23%, 8.46% and 13.76% (p < 0.001), respectively. Primary PCI (PPCI) was performed on 675 patients (29.7%) with STEMICS. The proportion of STEMICS patients undertaking PPCI in provincial, prefectural and county-level hospitals were 46.53%, 31.48% and 8.00% (p < 0.001). The overall IHM rate of patients with STEMICS was 49.8% with no difference among the different hospital levels. However, the IHM rate of prehospital STEMICS in county-level hospitals were significantly higher than that in prefectural and provincial hospitals (42.3% versus 33.3% and 28.3%, respectively; p <0.01), while that of in-hospital STEMICS were similar among the different hospital levels (66.5%, 66.9% and 62.2%; provincial, prefectural and county-level hospitals, respectively). After adjustment, the difference of IHM in prehospital STEMICS between county-level hospitals and the other two levels no longer existed. However, once PPCI was excluded from the multivariable adjustment model, the IHM of prehospital STEMICS remained higher in county-level hospitals.
Conclusion: The overall incidence and IHM rate of STEMICS in China are still high. Especially, higher IHM rate of prehospital STEMICS is observed in county-level hospitals, which may be attributed to the lower implementation rate of PPCI.