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Correlates of the ratio of acceleration time to ejection time in patients with aortic stenosis: an echocardiographic and computed tomography study

Session Poster Session 4

Speaker Alexandre Altes

Event : ESC Congress 2019

  • Topic : valvular, myocardial, pericardial, pulmonary, congenital heart disease
  • Sub-topic : Diagnostic Methods
  • Session type : Poster Session

Authors : A Altes (Lille,FR), M Sochala (Saint Denis,FR), D Attias (Saint Denis,FR), J Dreyfus (Saint Denis,FR), M Toledano (Lille,FR), L Macron (Saint Denis,FR), C Renard (Amiens,FR), A Truffier (Lille,FR), RA Guerbaai (Basel,CH), PV Ennezat (Grenoble,FR), P Graux (Lille,FR), C Tribouilloy (Amiens,FR), S Marechaux (Lille,FR)

Authors:
A. Altes1 , M. Sochala2 , D. Attias2 , J. Dreyfus2 , M. Toledano1 , L. Macron2 , C. Renard3 , A. Truffier1 , R.A. Guerbaai4 , P.V. Ennezat5 , P. Graux1 , C. Tribouilloy3 , S. Marechaux1 , 1Lille Catholic University - Lille - France , 2Centre Cardiologique du Nord (CCN) - Saint Denis - France , 3UPJV Amiens - Amiens - France , 4University of Basel - Basel - Switzerland , 5University Hospital of Grenoble - Grenoble - France ,

Topic(s):
Valvular Heart Disease – Diagnostic Methods

Citation:
European Heart Journal ( 2019 ) 40 ( Supplement ), 2296

Background: Acceleration time to ejection time ratio (AT/ET) prolongation is associated with increased mortality in patients with aortic stenosis (AS).

Purpose: To identify the determinants associated with increased AT/ET.

Methods: The relationships between AT/ET ratio, clinical and Doppler echocardiographic variables of interest in the setting of AS were studied in 1107 patients with AS and preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF), with Computed Tomography – Aortic Valve Calcium (CT-AVC) score studied in a subgroup of 342 patients.

Results: In univariate analysis, AT/ET ratio did correlate with aortic peak velocity (Vmax, r=0.57, p<0.0001), mean pressure gradient (MPG, r=0.60, p<0.0001), aortic valve area (AVA, r=−0.50, p<0.0001) and CT-AVC score (r=0.24, p<0.0001). An AT/ET ratio had a good accuracy to predict an aortic peak velocity ≥4 m/s, a MPG≥40 mmHg, or an AVA≤1.0 cm2, with an optimal cut-off value of 0.34. By multivariate linear regression analysis, presence of AS-related symptoms, decreased LV stroke volume index, LVEF, systolic blood pressure (SBP), absence of diabetes mellitus, and increased LV mass index, relative wall thickness, and Vmax were independently associated with increased AT/ET ratio (all P<0.05). In the subgroup of patients who underwent CT-AVC, CT-AVC score was independently associated with increased AT/ET ratio (P<0.05).

Conclusion: AT/ET ratio is related to echocardiographic and CT-AVC indices of AS severity. However, multiple intricate factors beyond hemodynamic and anatomic severity of AS influence AT/ET ratio including LV geometry, function and SBP. These findings should be considered when assessing AT/ET in patients with AS and preserved LVEF.

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