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Antibody treatment against pathological pancreatic islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) aggregates restores endothelial dysfunction in human-IAPP transgenic rats

Session Poster Session 1

Speaker Amy Taheri

Event : ESC Congress 2019

  • Topic : basic science
  • Sub-topic : Vascular Tone, Permeability, Microcirculation
  • Session type : Poster Session

Authors : A Taheri (Zurich,CH), P Doytcheva (Zurich,CH), E Tarasco (Zurich,CH), W Gut (Zurich,CH), M Engeli (Zurich,CH), L Hugentobler (Zurich,CH), TA Lutz (Zurich,CH), E Osto (Zurich,CH)

Authors:
A Taheri1 , P Doytcheva1 , E Tarasco1 , W Gut1 , M Engeli1 , L Hugentobler1 , TA Lutz1 , E Osto2 , 1University of Zurich, veterinary physiology - Zurich - Switzerland , 2University Heart Center - Zurich - Switzerland ,

Citation:

Background. Islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP; or amylin) is produced in pancreatic B-cells and co-secreted with insulin in response to nutrients. In insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes (T2D), higher secretion and impaired processing of IAPP results in its aggregation, contributing to amyloid-induced apoptosis of pancreatic B-cells. Insight into IAPP's role in diabetic endothelial dysfunction is scarce.

Purpose. Rats transgenic for human IAPP (hIAPP), which in contrast to rodent IAPP produces amyloid deposits and contributes to diabetes due to B-cell failure, were studied to understand the mechanisms of endothelial dysfunction in T2D and test the vasoprotective actions of an anti-hIAPP antibody.

Methods. Male hemizygous transgenic Sprague-Dawley rats with islet B-cell expression of hIAPP (TG) and wild-type (WT) controls were sacrificed at 2, 3, 6- and 9-months age to assess endothelial function. In a second experiment, TG rats received weekly injections of antibody against aggregated hIAPP (3 mg/kg; TG-Ab) from 3-12 months of age; TG and WT controls received PBS. Oral glucose tolerance was assessed before harvesting. At the respective time points (12 mts in exp. 2), thoracic aortic rings were isolated and subjected to ex vivo isometric tension recording. After contraction with norepinephrine (NE 1x10-7 mol/L), cumulative relaxation responses were performed to glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1; 10-12 to 10-6 mol/L) and insulin (10-11 to 10-6 mol/L). Pancreas and aortic arch samples were used for immunostaining of hIAPP antibody engagement.

Results. GLP-1 and insulin-mediated vasodilation was impaired in 3 month-old TG rats compared to WT. Glucose intolerance appeared in TG rats at 6 months in comparison to WT (p<0.0001), indicating that endothelial dysfunction in TG rats precedes the onset of glucose intolerance. Anti-hIAPP antibody showed selectivity against aggregated IAPP in pancreatic islets, but there was no target engagement in the aortic arch, questioning a pathogenic role of IAPP deposition in the aortic wall. At 12 months, glucose control in TG-Ab rats was improved in comparison to TG control rats (p<0.013). Vasodilatation in TG-Ab rats was restored in response to GLP-1 (35.5% ± 4.6 vs. 16.0% ± 3.1 in TG controls), similar to that of WT rats (35.5% ± 6.5). Vasodilatation in response to insulin (48.9% ± 4.2) was improved in comparison to both TG (29.4% ± 3.0) and WT controls (32.5% ± 5.7) (p<0.0001; 2-way ANOVA, n=6-11 for all groups.

Conclusion. Early endothelial dysfunction develops in hIAPP rats compared to WT. Endothelial dysfunction is restored by the anti-hIAPP antibody treatment via improved oral glucose tolerance, but it remains unclear whether this effect is due to a local action in the aorta or a secondary effect, e.g. due to a reduction in pancreatic IAPP deposition.

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