Purpose: To evaluate the prognosis value of the SS in this high-risk population undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)
Methods: The CULPRIT-SHOCK trial was an international, open-label trial, where patients presenting with MI and multivessel disease complicated by CS were randomized to a culprit-lesion-only or an immediate multivessel PCI strategy. Pre-PCI SS was assessed by a central core laboratory and patients were categorized as low SS (SS =22), intermediate SS (22-
Results: SS was available in 632 patients, of whom 265 (41.9%), 211 (33.4%) and 156 (24.7%) presented with low, intermediate and high SS, respectively. Patients with higher SS were older, with more frequent peripheral artery disease, less current smoking, lower creatinine clearance, and higher use of catecholamine. A stepwise increase in the incidence of adverse events transitioning from low to intermediate and high SS was observed with the 30-day risk of death or renal replacement therapy as well as the 1-year risk of all-cause death (p for trend <0.001, for all). After multiple adjustment, intermediate and high SS remained strongly associated with 30-day risk of death and renal replacement therapy and 1-year risk of all-cause death (Figure). There was no significant interaction between SYNTAX score and the coronary revascularization strategy for all endpoints.
Conclusion: In patients presenting with acute MI, multivessel disease and CS, the SYNTAX score was strongly associated to 30-day and 1-year mortality